Scientific Name: Digitaria (Genus) Common Names: Finger Grass, Fonio, Large Crabgrass, Smooth Crabgrass, Hair Crabgrass Family: Poaceae Brief Description: Long, thick, and tall, crabgrass is in the grass family, but grows in a thicker and less attractive pattern outward from a central point. Large crabgrass has hairs on all surfaces. India crabgrass is usually found in dry sites, whereas blanket crabgrass favors moist to … Compared to other grasses, it has a relatively high protein percentage. Origin: Europe . smooth crabgrass, small crabgrass ... Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. They are very conspicuous in the lawn with their lighter green color. Crabgrass can be an indication of elevated soil temperatures and will often establish in last year's grub damaged areas. Elevated mowing heights and judicious nitrogen fertilization can be extremely effective at reducing competition from crabgrass. Crabgrass can be an indication of elevated soil temperatures and will often establish in last year's grub damaged areas. Thin turf in the spring or drought conditions often lead to major infestations of crabgrass. Its members are monocotyledons and feature leaves with parallel veins; the flowers are usually wind-pollinated. The seeds were also fermented to manufacture beer. For human consumption, crabgrass necessarily must be harvested by hand, because it produces grain throughout summer, rather than simultaneously. Each branch is lined with pairs of very tiny spikelets. Sometimes these are ragged clumps, and in other situations they’re quite full and broad. This has earned it the name Polish millet. Its procumbent growth habit is one reason why this annual weed is so successful, whether it be in the lawn, growing along a driveway, or popping up through a crack in the sidewalk. Crabgrass is in the Digitaria family. Crabgrass (Digitaria spp. Leaves are flat, measuring 0.75-6 inches long and up to 0.5 inches wide, with a prominent mid-rib and pubescent on both sides. Other names for this type of grass include finger-grass and fonio. During the European Middle Ages, Digitaria sanguinalis was cultivated by Slavic peoples in Eastern Europe, where it was cooked in soups and porridges.[7]. It is a "Ready To Use” formulation, meaning it comes already pre-mixed. Crabgrass continues to grow all Summer and doesn’t really become ugly until late Summer when it spreads seeds. small crabgrass smooth crabgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is difficult to kill, as it will regenerate, and chemicals will likely harm surrounding grasses. The plant was brought to the United States by immigrants to serve as hand-foraged grain. For crabgrass, this begins when soil temperatures are above 55° to 60°F for 7 to10 days (during and shortly after, forsythia bloom is a rough, but not consistently reliable, guide for application timing). Grass bur (sticker bur) and Crabgrass Control. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. The majority of the types of crabgrass weeds are native to tropical and temperate regions. ‘Digitus’ is the Latin word for finger. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. Crabgrass have membranous ligules that are truncated and have a jagged appearance. [5] This has earned it the name Polish millet.[6]. Other weeds in the Grass (Poaceae) family: Large and smooth crabgrass can be distinguished by the presence (large) or absence (smooth) of hair on the upper and lower leaf surfaces and the stems. Crabgrass in Magick Article by J.C. Herb name: Crabgrass, finger grass, hairy crabgrass, fonio Family name: Poaceae Scientific name: Digitaria sanguinalis Etymology: the root word "crab" once had a meaning of "malignant and cancerous"; this meaning is now obsolete.As for the nomer "finger grass," it refers to the shape of the plant's seed heads Many ask for help with grass burs/sticker burs/sand burs/sand spurs and also crabgrass. It is used as animal fodder, and the seeds are edible and have been used as a grain in Germany and especially Poland, where it is sometimes cultivated. A folk remedy for cataracts and debility, it is also said to be emetic. Miles’ parents are pretty strict as parents go. Some types of Digitaria species and their seeds are eaten as food. Blanket crabgrass is a short-lived perennial plant thriving mostly in warm climates. It dies with the first frost in the fall. It is used as animal fodder, and the seeds are edible and have been used as a grain in Germany and especially Poland, where it is sometimes cultivated. Click here for the mobile/phone version of this web site, Click here for the mobile version of this web site, ligule membranous, tall, with jagged edges, blades flat, sparsely hairy, 1/4 inch wide, sharp pointed. Digitaria sanguinalis is a species of grass known by several common names, including hairy crabgrass, hairy finger-grass, large crabgrass, crab finger grass, purple crabgrass. Digitaria sanguinalis is a species of grass known by several common names, including hairy crabgrass, hairy finger-grass, large crabgrass, crab finger grass, purple crabgrass. Like the crab of the ocean, crabgrass (botanical name Digitaria) is tough, has many legs (or stems), and is built low to the ground. Crabgrass, (genus Digitaria), also called finger grass, genus of about 220 species of grasses in the family Poaceae. Definition of crabgrass : a grass (especially Digitaria sanguinalis) that has creeping or decumbent stems which root freely at the nodes and that is often a pest in turf … Identification Notes. [4] It is one of the better-known species of the genus Digitaria, and one that is known nearly worldwide as a common weed. Digitaria (crabgrass' botanical name) is a warm-season annual that reproduces by seed. The most efficient means of control is to pull patches, and keep the rest of the lawn watered and mowed at a height of two-three inches. Many grasses are cultivated as ornamental plants and … Herb: Crab Grass Latin name: Digitaria sanguinalis Synonyms: Panicum sanguinale Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Crab Grass: A decoction of the plant is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea. The leaf blades are quite short, usually about 1 inch long. Crabgrass takes advantage of low fertility and drought, since this tends to weaken other grasses and it tends to invade manicured turf. Adapted from Appendix 4: Profiles of Colorado State-Listed Noxious Weeds, page 241 by Marjolein Schat, Montana State University Identification and Life Cycle Yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila), also known as pigongrass, and yellow bristlegrass is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). [9], Its usefulness to nineteenth-century homesteaders has made its seed widespread, and today is generally considered an unattractive nuisance. [10], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria_sanguinalis&oldid=982588109, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:21. There are 33 listed species in the family, all different crabgrass varieties. Crabgrass produces an exceptionally high amount of grain, it smothers other weeds, it acts as its own mulch, and it can survive both heat and drought. As an annual, it can be controlled by preemergent herbicides. The grass is also highly nutritious, especially before the plant exhausts itself producing seed. The inflorescences may be reddish or purplish. It grows in clumps with stems that radiate out from the center and resemble crab legs. The origin of the crabgrass seed can be traced back to Africa where the Europeans first collected the harvested seeds and brought them back to Europe, according to the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation. introduced annual, reproducing by seed. In Africa, the seeds of crabgrass are known as, Fonio, and still remain a prominent staple in many locations. Please login to view these details. India crabgrass differs from blanket crabgrass in that the sheaths and blades are smooth. Crabgrass is a summer annual that re-establishes from seed every spring. Family: Poaceae Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status: CAN I,N HI I ... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The next year, the seeds sprout and the cycle continues. Machine harvesting would require monthly passes, and even then much of the seed would go to waste. Life Cycle. Crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). Crabgrass is an opportunistic annual grass that sprouts in the late Spring, anywhere there is bare soil, water, and sunlight. If you have any comments about the site or the pictures, good or bad, we'd like to hear from you. Panicle with 3-15 spicate primary branches attached in a digitate or nearly digitate pattern off of the main stalk. Thank you! Culms. Common name: Crabgrass . Learn more. - Crabgrass was cultivated by Stone Age dwellers in Switzerland. In fact, that’s how it got the name crabgrass — the clumps resemble a … Crabgrass is a summer annual, meaning that in most climates it grows one year, produces seeds, and then dies off. With more than 10,000 species, the grass family, Poaceae, is one of the largest families of flowering plants. This is now available to homeowners and sold by Ortho under the name “Weed-B-Gon MAX Plus Crabgrass/Grassy Weeds Control. It can be identified by its light green appearance and swollen, zig-zag nodes. It is frequently sown in fields to provide graze for animals, or clipped and bundled as hay. Height: Creeping . It was an important food crop in China by 2700 BC, and a traditional food in India and Africa. Your Email: This field is for administrative purposes only. Generally, most crabgrass varieties found in the United States grow in a round clump. Crabgrass is a summer annual that re-establishes from seed every spring. Digitaria sanguinalis is a species of grass known by several common names, including hairy crabgrass,[2] hairy finger-grass,[3] large crabgrass, crab finger grass, purple crabgrass. Its adaptability makes it a candidate for environmental small-farming. 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