In small trees with light infestations, scale can be scraped off or infested branches can be removed and destroyed. These fruiting bodies occur in greater numbers on the upper leaf surface. Each mass usually contains 1,000-1,500 eggs. The beetle becomes active in early March (or earlier), and the female beetles bore into trunks or branch wood of thin-barked hardwood trees. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Clemson UniversityClyde S. Gorsuch, PhD, Emeritus Faculty, Entomology, Clemson University, Joey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. At first the infected tissue is light green or yellow. Neem oil extract or botanical oil sprays may also reduce plant damage by repelling many insect pests. 5Neem oil may cause injury to Japanese maples. A pest that can also attack agricultural crops, The most striking gall on red maple, and occasionally sugar and silver maple, the, William Fountain, University of Kentucky, Bugwood.org, Gerald J. Lenhard, Louisiana State University, Bugwood.org, A. Steven Munson, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org, Steve L. Brown, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, Herbert A. Occasionally the leaf margins are yellow or chlorotic. Sapstreak disease, caused by the fungus Ceratocystis coerulescens, is a serious threat to sugar maple forests. document.write(year) Visible symptoms include wilted foliage, as well as the toothpick-like strands of boring dust (frass) that protrude from these small, pencil-lead size holes. Infected trees may be deformed with crooked and angular branches or witches’ brooms (clusters of shoots growing from one area of a branch). All of these pests present as tiny bumps or cottony dots on twigs and on leaves. Granulate ambrosia beetle frass (Xylosandrus crassiusculus) frass protruding from bark. Gall Makers: Maples often develop irregular growths or swellings known as galls on their leaves. On the leaves, spots appear with pale yellow centers and purple borders. Fertilization and watering may help to reduce the disease. If a tree is small, the homeowner can handpick and destroy leaves before exit holes form to allow the release of the pest. When homeowners see these growths on the leaves of their maples, they often become quite concerned. Budworm larvae hatch by the thousands and have the potential to consume a tree’s entire new growth. Leaves with multiple spots may wither and drop prematurely, but seldom so early or in such quantities as to threaten the health of the tree. var today = new Date() Presumably, the symptoms develop because of water stress within the water conducting vessels. They are easy to spot on the stems of trees with dark bark. Prevention & Treatment: Since leaf galls do little, if any, long-term damage to the tree, control efforts are typically not needed or recommended. Read and follow all directions on the label. They often produce a honeydew which attracts another Japanese maple problem, sooty mold . If only a few branches are infested, they may be cut out. Overwintering immature scales (nymphs) are about 2 mm long, gray, and are usually found in twig forks. Often girdling roots occur below ground level, indicated by a lack of root flare at the base of the trunk. Phyllosticta leaf spot of maple (Phyllosticta cotoneastri).Paul Bachi, Bugwood.org. Other trees susceptible to damage are apple, ash, birch, crabapple, dogwood, oak, elm, hickory, and redbud. When trees do not get enough water they will scorch. Fertilization of the tree after root removal will aid in recovery. Leaving one aphid alive can result in the production of a new colony very quickly. Across North America, some common suspects seem to crop up again and again. Granulate ambrosia beetle (Xylosandrus crassiusculus) larvae (Motschulsky, 1866).Will Hudson, University of Georgia. Tree borers are a group of insects that lay their eggs on or inside of trees, where the young larvae eat their way through living tissues. This problem occurs when a root entwines around another large root or the base of the tree and prevents or hinders water and nutrient movement. Although the beetles seem to prefer maples, they also attack birch, buckeye, horse-chestnut, poplar, willow, elm and ash trees. The larvae feed on the inner bark of ash trees from June through October, disrupting the tree's ability to transport water and nutrients. Pests such as caterpillars, beetles, slugs and other large pests can be easily removed by hand when infestations are low. Spindle galls, however, are usually indicative of mites. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Read and follow all directions on the label. Seagraves and R. Bessin, University of Kentucky. Md, College Pk, Bugwood.org, James Solomon, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org, Steve Mayer, Extension Educator-Horticulture, B.L. Nymphs are smaller but look similar to adults otherwise. One woodp… 'Joe' Pase III, Texas A&M Forest Service, Bugwood.org, Raymond Gill, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Bugwood.org, Lorraine Graney, Bartlett Tree Experts, Bugwood.org, Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org, Sturgis McKeever, Georgia Southern University, Bugwood.org, John A. Davidson, Univ. The leaves curl up. Although infested leaves shrivel and drop early, the pests cause little permanent damage. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Sapstreak is a fatal disease; infected trees do not recover. Especially when they see all the small bugs underneath the loose bark. Insecticides & Fungicides for Maple Insect Pest & Disease Control. Often these trees are less than four inches in diameter. Do not apply insecticidal soap, horticultural oil, or neem oil if temperature is greater than 85 ºF., and apply these three insecticides in early morning or evening. This fungus serves as a source of food, and may partially be responsible for the death of the host plant. Prevention & Treatment: The portion of the root that is girdling the tree should be removed. Once the gall forms, the pest is protected inside the structure. Their feeding can weaken or kill branches. Since 1980, the gypsy moth larvae have defoliated close to a million or more forested acres each year. Spraying three times at two-week intervals with a copper-based fungicide, mancozeb, or triadimefon starting when the leaves begin to unfurl in spring will provide control (see Table 1 for specific products). Since little permanent damage results from woolly alder aphids, tolerating some damage is a good choice. In a large tree, controlling scale chemically is not always practical. 4Malathion may cause slight injury to many maple species. Read and follow all directions on the label. Woolly alder aphid (Paraprociphilus tessellatus).Bob Lepak, Bugwood.org. But those insects didn't cause the damage; they are just taking advantage of the cool, dark, moist environment of the dead tissue under the bark. Scorch symptoms are light brown or tan dead areas between leaf veins or around the leaf margins. Prevention & Treatment: In general, practices that encourage root development and root function are recommended. Once a tree has been attacked, it becomes more attractive to further attack. The disease has been suppressed by oxytetracycline injections, but not cured. They may be green, yellowish, pink, gray or black. Diseased trees lose vigor, and branches or entire trees may eventually die. Common Insects of Japanese maple trees. The open wound can be treated with wound paint prior to covering with soil. Most borer activity occurs in areas of existing cankers. Other chewing insects attack the fruit. Each insect or mite produces its own distinctive gall shape. Galls vary greatly in appearance, from wart-like bumps to spindle-shaped protrusions to felt-like patches on the leaf’s surface. Scales are unusual insects in appearance. The adult is 1/8 inch long, pale green, and wedge-shaped. An Equal Opportunity University | Since the beetles do not consume the host plant material, dinotefuran and imidacloprid systemic soil treatments are ineffective. It gets its name from the fluffy, white wax found on its abdomen. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture | The Top Hardwood Tree Killing Insects. Anthracnose: This disease is caused by the fungus Aureobasidium apocryptum. Immature females are flat and inconspicuous. It is important to remember that while unsightly, they do not cause permanent injury to a tree. Now, however, the results of a summer's worth of sap feeding by maple aphids is quite apparent as damaged leaves are falling from maple trees and accumulating on the ground below. As a result of the honeydew, sidewalks and cars become sticky. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Rake up all fallen leaves. Colonies of these pests are obvious because of their white, fuzzy appearance. In the spring spores are produced and dispersed to the new leaves of susceptible trees. Wood-boring insects often produce sawdust-like frass (excrement). Develop in spring the water conducting vessels ambrosia beetle frass ( Xylosandrus crassiusculus ) protruding. Seen in some landscape situations, University of Delaware if spraying is required, always spray late the! 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