Indonesia has experienced yet more volcanic activity as Mount Kelud erupted on Thursday, causing 100,000 to flee their homes and covering Java - the country’s most heavily populated island - in ash. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. Required fields are marked *. The Chinese, Dutch, Javanese settlements whose house-buildings between were somewhat distant could be said to be non-existent. Of these only about 100 were able to escape the lahar, but they were quickly caught by the flows and were killed. 7.93 S, 112.31 E summit elevation 1731 m stratovolcano. These fault lines are breaks in the plates of the Earth’s crust and are where earthquakes are likely to occur. This was also one of the worst landslide disasters of the 20th Century. The ejection of water from its lake during Kelud’s typically short, but violent, eruptions creates pyroclastic and mud flows that lead to fatalities and destruction. To illustrate the magnitude of the impact of these lahars, Mawiyato and Sasmita (2019) describe the events in a prison located in the path of the lahars. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. On May 19, 1919, Mount Kelud erupted killing at least 5,000 people, most of them die due to exposure to hot lava. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? Mount Kelud, one of the most active mountains in Indonesia, began erupting again at 10:50 p.m. (GMT +7) on Thursday, February 13, showering volcanic ash and rocks on towns up to 30 kilometers away. The mountain erupted recorded several times in the span of 1919 to 2007. The vast majority of those died in lahars (volcanic debris flows) triggered by the eruption. Image posted to Researchgate by Kelvin Rodolfo, modified from an unpublished monograph of the Japan International Cooperation Agency. Mount Kelud eruption was known due to the volume of ashes that were distributed widely until the radius, reaching hundreds of kilometers and covering almost all of the Java Island . There is a really interesting paper about the social impact of this event (Mawiyato and Sasmita 2019) available online, open access. With a speed of 60 km/h, the flows of lahar reached Blitar in less than an hour and destroyed everything standing in its way. Mount Kelud is located on densely populated Java island; A series of huge blasts unleashing stones and gravel caused panic ... evacuated after Mount Kelud on densely populated Java island erupted. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. Mawiyato and Sasmita (20189) provide an account of the lahars, with a focus on those that travelled southwards to Blitar: Bladak Dam of Kali Lahar, which was built to reduce the lahar floods of Mount Kelud, was destroyed. The catastrophic lahars from Mount Kelud in 1919 On 19 and 20 May 1919 a catastrophic eruption occurred on Mount Kelud in East Java, Indonesia. No Comments/Trackbacks », Your email address will not be published. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Mount Kelud estimated to have erupted more than 30 times since the year 1000. Indonesia has experienced yet more volcanic activity as Mount Kelud erupted on Thursday, causing 100,000 to flee their homes and covering Java - the country’s most heavily populated island - in ash. It’s also quite a complex set of subduction zones. Only the houses of brick walls that coincided and hand-in-hand were not so damaged, but the walls were broken down, such as the house of the resident master, the district house, the post office, the bank office, the clinic, the hotel, the detention center and the other. The eruption sent a large plume of ash drifting west across Java and over the Indian Ocean. But why is the region such a hotbed of volcanic activity? Hundreds of thousands of Indonesians were ordered to evacuate and three international airports were closed after a volcano on the main island of Java erupted spectacularly, hurling red-hot ash and rocks, Indonesian airport personnel inspect volcanic ash covered planes and the airport of Yogyakarta about 200 kilometers (124 miles) west of the Mount Kelud volcano in East Java province following its eruption, The runway of Adi Sucipto International airport is covered with ash in Yogyakarta, Indonesian workers cover the famous Borobudur temple to protect it from volcanic ash from the Mount Kelud volcano eruption in Magelang, Central Java, A residential area is covered with ash from the Mount Kelud volcano, in Yogyakarta, A housing complex is seen covered with ash from Mount Kelud, in Yogyakarta, Indonesian students walk on a street covered with volcanic ash following an eruption of Mount Kelud, in Yogyakarta, A women walks on a road covered with volcanic ash following an eruption of Mount Kelud, in Yogyakarta, {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}, In pictures: Mount Kelud - one of the most dangerous volcanoes in Indonesia erupts, Mount Kelud eruption: Why is Indonesia the hottest spot on the Ring of, You may not agree with our views, or other users’, but please respond to them respectfully, Swearing, personal abuse, racism, sexism, homophobia and other discriminatory or inciteful language is not acceptable, Do not impersonate other users or reveal private information about third parties, We reserve the right to delete inappropriate posts and ban offending users without notification. 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